- Newman, John Henry
- (1801–90)Theologian and Cardinal.Newman was educated at the University of Oxford, and was ordained into the Church of England ministry. In 1828 he was appointed vicar of the University Church. He came to the notice of the public with his contribution to the Tracts for the Times. With E.B. pusey, John keble and Hurrell froude, he was a leader of the Oxford Movement, believing that the Church of England was a middle way between the excesses of Rome and the errors of Protestantism. The final tract, number 90, in particular, caused a sensation in its attempt to reconcile the doctrines of the Church of Rome with the Anglican Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion. During this period, Newman also wrote the Arians of the Fourth Century. He was having increasing doubts about the validity of Anglicanism; in 1843 he resigned from the University Church and in 1845 he was received as a Roman Catholic. Subsequently he established the Oratory of St Philip neri in Birmingham; he was Rector of the short-lived Catholic University in Dublin from 1854 until 1858 and he fell out with manning over a book review in the Rambler periodical.He seemed doomed to a succession of failures. However, as a result of a personal attack from Charles kingsley, in 1864 he produced his Apologia pro Vita Mea in which he explained his religious odyssey. His obvious sincerity and his mellifluous prose style won him a host of admirers. Among his other books were the Essay on the Development of Doctrine, the Idea of a University (which contains the most devastating description of that nineteenth-century ideal, the gentleman) and A Grammar of Assent. Although the rift with Manning was never healed, his merits were recognised within the Church and he was made a Cardinal in 1879. Newman’s ideas on the development of doctrine have influenced many later thinkers and he himself has become something of a cult figure. With his ‘silvery voice’, his final sermon on the ‘parting of friends’ and his melancholy career as a Roman Catholic, he has been the inspiration for numerous monographs.John Henry Newman, Autobiographical Writings, edited by H. Tristram (1955);D. Newsome, The Convert Cardinals (1993);D. Nicholls and F. Kerr (eds), John Henry Newman: Reason, Rhetoric and Romanticism (1991);T.R. Wright (ed.), John Henry Newman: A Man for our Time? (1983).
Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.
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Newman, John Henry — • Lengthy and admiring biography of Newman as a thinker, author, leader, and illustrious convert to Catholicism Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Newman, John Henry … Catholic encyclopedia
Newman, John Henry — known as Cardinal Newman born Feb. 21, 1801, London, Eng. died Aug. 11, 1890, Birmingham, Warwick English churchman and man of letters. He attended the University of Oxford, where in 1833 he became the leader of the Oxford Movement, which… … Universalium
Newman, John Henry — (1801 1890) His father was a London banker of Huguenot stock, and after a private education, John graduated without distinction from Trinity College, Oxford, in 1820. He was fellow of Oriel College from 1822 to 1832, when he was forced to… … British and Irish poets
Newman,John Henry — New·man (no͞oʹmən, nyo͞oʹ ), John Henry. 1801 1890. British prelate and theologian. A founder of the Oxford movement, he converted to Roman Catholicism (1845) and was made a cardinal (1879). * * * … Universalium
Newman, John Henry — llamado cardenal Newman (21 feb. 1801, Londres, Inglaterra–11 ago. 1890, Birmingham, Warwick). Clérigo y literato inglés. Se educó en la Universidad de Oxford, donde en 1833 encabezó el movimiento de Oxford, que resaltaba los elementos católicos… … Enciclopedia Universal
NEWMAN, JOHN HENRY — cardinal, born in London, son of a banker; educated at Ealing, studied at Trinity College, Oxford, and obtained a Fellowship in Oriel College in 1823; trained in evangelical beliefs, he gradually drifted into High Church notions, and becoming… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
NEWMAN, John Henry — (1801 1890) one of the most controversial and important English ANGLICAN theologians of the nineteenth century who eventually became a Roman CATHOLIC Cardinal (1879). His Apologia Pro Vita Sua (1864) is a spiritual classic while The Idea of a… … Concise dictionary of Religion
Newman, John Henry — (1801 1890) Theologian, s. of a London banker, and brother of the above, was ed. at Ealing and Trinity Coll., Oxf., where he was the intimate friend of Pusey and Hurrell Froude. Taking orders he was successively curate of St. Clement s 1824,… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
John Henry Cardinal Newman — John Henry Newman John Henry Newman Le cardinal John Henry Newman, né à Londres le 21 février 1801, et décédé le 11 août 1890, était un ecclésiastique … Wikipédia en Français
John Henry Newman — John Henry Newman † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Henry Newman (1801 1890) Cardinal Deacon of St. George in Velabro, divine, philosopher, man of letters, leader of the Tractarian Movement, and the most illustrious of English… … Catholic encyclopedia